- How to determine whether your home is infested with Termites?
- Preventive tips against Termites
- Natural Ways for getting rid from Termites
- Methods for Controlling Termites
Termites (In India, also known as “Deemak”) are the silent destroyers of property, because they live and breed secretly in your home without showing any early signs of damage. Termites are much more dangerous than other pests & rodents, as they pose serious threat to structure of the building and can cause significant amount of damage to it.
If you started noticing tiny holes in the wooden parts of your homeor a “hollow sound” is noted when you knock against the wooden door,then it is time to be alarmed! It is likely that your house is getting attacked by termites. How serious is this? It’s more serious than you expect.
Because termite infestations1 may go unnoticed or undetected for a long time, it is important to address them the moment you discover them in your home. In some cases, it is possible that your home has been infested for years, but the visual damage you see today is only a symptom of a much deeper termite infestation.
To save your money, time, and a lot of headaches, the key is to prevent termite infestations before they happen. Here are a few strategies for home residents which can be used to protect their homes against termite infestations:
How to determine whether your home is infested with termites?
One of the important reasons that termites can be so damaging is that by the time that many homeowners discover the infestation, severe damage has already been done. It is like cancer; detect it early and chances are pretty good, catch it late and the treatment will be suffering.
Therefore, it is very important that you learn to spot the visual signs of a termite infestation. Keep a look out for the following:
- Tiny round holes: It is most common sign which is s both their means of eating and their way of travelling.
- Rot or decayed wood: Decayed or damaged wood is another common sign.
- Mud Tubes on wall: Termites build shelter tubes made of mud and dirt in order to travel to and fro the food source without being seen.
- Sightings of flying termites or discarded wings: Usually the first sign of infestation can be noticed are the presence of flying termites and discarded wings on windowsills and floors.
- Hollow sounding wood: Termites usually consume woods from the inside out. So when you knock or tap on an area that has termite damages, it will sound hollow.
- Tight fitting door or hard to open window: Termite mud creates a protective environment that traps heat and moisture. This causes wood to swell, making it harder to open or close the infested windows and doors.
- Termite droppings: After consuming wood, dry wood termites often leave behind brown-coloured mounds.
To know more, you can read an article by The Bugs Killer2.
Preventive Tips against Termites
Whether termite treatment is done for your home or not, precaution against termite helps you to prevent termite and protect your property. Following are some tips to prevent termite:
- Repair Leakage: Dampness in or around building attracts termite towards your apartment or building. Repair leaking faucets and plumbing line to avoid dampness/leakage problem.
- Repair Cracks on wall: Cracks on plaster walls can give access to termite in the house. Seal the crack to prevent termite from entering your apartment.
- Avoid sources of moisture: Try to avoid by repairing the sources of moisture, if there is any. Common sources of moisture can be broken tiles in roof, gap at tile joints in bathroom & gap around floor outlet etc. If you are already facing damp or seepage problems but are unable to detect the source of it. You can hire related professional services in India.
- Avoid overgrown plants adjacent to walls: Wooden logs, overgrown plants attached to the house walls encourage termites to hide and live in.
Natural Ways for Getting Rid from Termites
Here are some simple ways to get rid of termites naturally:
- Sunlight Exposure: For a fact, termites are extremely susceptible to sunlight and actually die off when they’re exposed to it and its consequent heat. For termite infested furniture, it may help to air the pieces of furniture outside in the bright sunlight during the hottest part of the day. This can kill off any termites that may be hiding inside the furniture and out of sight.
- Eliminating Moisture: It is known that termites thrive and multiply in areas that are affected by moisture. Keeping this in mind, you can ensure that the interior of the room or building is kept dry and that any moisture prone areas are repaired.
- Use a Cardboard Trap: Using cardboard traps is considered one of the most natural and non-toxic ways of eliminating-termites naturally. Cardboard traps are effective because they contain a certain compound known as cellulose that attracts termites as it gives off a woody smell. Understand that this is just a quick fix method and might not solve the major termite problems. Wet the cardboard box. Place them near where you suspect a termite infestation. When you find termites colonizing & feeding on the box then remove and burn it.
- Boric Acid: Boric acid is a natural pesticide which is effective in getting rid of termites. As per article by hunker on How to kill Termites with boric acid3, Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use, and make sure that you wear goggles and a dust mask. Spray the powder in any areas you suspect termites may be nesting. This method is best for outdoor use. For indoor use, mix one teaspoon of boric acid with one cup of warm water in a clean spray bottle. Shake the bottle gently until the powder is dissolved. Soak all areas that you suspect are infested by termites. Repeat every day for three to five days, and then search for signs of further termite presence or damage.
If you want to know more about this types DIY pest control methods, read an article by Service sutra4.
If termite has just effected your cabinet or wooden door, you can idea about the solution by reading our 3D knowledge series post.
Methods for Controlling Termites
They are two types of termite controlling methods:
- Pre-Construction chemical treatment: Termite treatment in pre-construction stages includes several procedures that must be done to ensure a termite-free construction. This is the most common method of termite treatment during construction of building. In this method, a chemical barrier is made between ground and masonry of the foundation to prevent termites approaching the building.
- Post-Construction chemical treatment: The building which is not treated with chemicals or insecticides during construction and is treated after construction. The treatment includes drilling holes at the wall and floor junction level and injecting sufficient quantity of chemicals for preventing termites.
You can know about termite chemicals for Pre and Post construction Anti termite treatments as per ISI specification in an article by Capital pest control5.
Termites can make holes not only in your property, but in your wallet too. These pests can cause extensive damage to your home, and repairs are often expensive. Hopefully,this guide will help you in finding the ways that will help you get rid of this pest for good.
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