Common Plaster Defects and their Cure

A home is a dream for most of us. We decorate our home in many ways. One of the ways is painting our home with our creativity and choice. Painting is usually done on the plastered surface by the following steps1. If the plaster quality is not good enough it can cause many problems later.

Plaster is a common material used in construction all around the world. Easy to work with and also easier to repair. However, there will be times when your plaster starts to show signs of wear and tear or other problems.

Understanding what type of problems can occur and its causes, you can resolve them before they become bigger issues. Today we will walk you through several common plaster defects and their primary causes & prevention.

1. Blistering of Plastered Surface

Blistering is the formation of small patches of plaster, swelling out beyond the plastered surface, arising due to late slaking (addition of water to lime) of lime particles in the plaster. This defect is usually caused due to the uneven mixing of plaster.

How to prevent it: This can be prevented by ensuring appropriate mixing between cement and it’s components used to form plaster.

2. Plaster De-bonding

De-bonding occurs when a plaster is separated from the wall. It can be caused by an excessively thick plaster layer, inadequate substrate preparation or may be due to a dusty, oily or dry substrate.

How to prevent it: To prevent de-bonding of plaster, we need to take care of the following things during plastering.

  • Remove dust & oil from the substrate before plastering.
  • Allow substrate to reach correct moisture content.
  • If necessary you should use bonding chemical.

3. Cracks on Plastered Surface

One of the most common problems you would have observed in plastering is the crack. Cracks on the plastered surface can be in different forms:

  • Crazing – It is a network of fine cracks like spider web. They are usually very fine and do not extend through the whole depth of the plaster. It occurs due to presence of excess fine content in the sand or due to dry base on which plaster is applied – when base absorbs the water and fines accumulate on the surface, it leads to crazing.
  • Separation crack at joints – It usually occurs at joints of two different materials for example at junction of RCC & Brick work. It occurs due to differential thermal movement.
  • Crack with Hollowness – This crack occurs due to hollowness in plaster. Other reasons could be extra water in the plaster mix or due to poor workmanship.

How to prevent it: Mainly cracks occur due to bad workmanship or expansion and shrinkage in the plaster during drying. Below are few tips to prevent cracks:

  • Ensure the addition of water in mortar done is by skilled mason and not by unskilled labour to ensure desired workability in terms of handling and application.
  • It can be avoided by proper curing of the plaster in order to slow down any rapid drying.

Taking care of workmanship and material quality issues will help in preventing cracks.

4. Efflorescence on Plastered Surface

When a newly constructed wall dries out, the soluble salts are brought to the surface and they appear in the form of a whitish crystalline substance. This is called efflorescence. Efflorescence is formed on plasters when soluble salts are present in plaster making materials as well as building materials such as bricks, sand, cement etc. Even water used in the construction work may contain soluble salts. It seriously affects the adhesion of paint with the wall surface and causes further problems.

How to prevent it:

  • All Construction materials used for wall should be free from salt.
  • Ensuring that the surface is moisture-free.

5. Falling Out of Plaster

This defect can happen in two forms – Flaking of plaster and peeling off plaster.

Flaking of plaster: The formation of a small loose mass on the plastered surface is known as flaking. It is mainly due to bond failure between successive coats of plaster.

Peeling off plaster: The plaster from some portion of the surface comes off and a patch is formed. This is termed as peeling. It is also mainly due to bond failure between successive coats of plaster.

How to prevent it: Both defects can be prevented with proper material selection and surface preparation. Imperfect adhesion can be minimized by good workmanship.

6. Popping of Plaster

Popping is the formations of conical like holes that break out of the plaster. It is caused due to the presence of contaminant particles such as burnt lime or other organic materials in the mix of mortar.

How to prevent it: To prevent popping in plastering, you need to ensure that no contaminant particles are present in the mortar mix.

7. Loose Plaster

When the plaster gets displaced on external impacts like application of material or tapping, etc, it is termed as loose plaster. This is caused mainly due to improper mixture and inadequate curing.

How to prevent it: It can be prevented with the use of proper mixture and adequate curing. Good workmanship will help in avoiding this problem.

Apart from the above defects, Uneven or undulation also occurs at plastered surface. The plastered surface should be in perfect plumb and without any undulations. Unevenly plastered surface happens due to poor workmanship2 of the plastering work.

After knowing the defects, read some precautions to be taken while plastering:

  • The areas that need to be plastered should be washed and kept wet.
  • All loose material sticking to the masonry should be removed before plastering.
  • The joints should be cleaned by brushing or scrapping with wire brushes.
  • The uniform level is tested with plumb-bob before & after applying the plaster.
  • Specified cement, sand ratio should be used while making cement mortar.
  • Ensure proper bonding between the surface of masonry and plaster.

Apart from these precautions, Skilled workers and good quality material should be used to minimise the defects3.

Conclusion

Plastering not only makes the surfaces smooth but gives a good finishing to the walls, ceiling and other parts of building. It is an important part of construction. To ensure good quality of plaster, it is important to know about the defects in plastering. Our objective of this content was to create awareness about various defects in plastering and its prevention. We hope this information will be helpful for you. And if you want a professional advice, then you can contact home inspection services who can inspect your property. Opting this service will give you information about issues and long term solutions for all types of defects in your home/property.

6 Staircase Safety tips for Homes/Offices to prevent from Slips, trips and falls

Staircases are being used from the ancient times and the importance of the staircase remains the same even in the 21st century. These are very common walking surface in most workplaces, residential complexes and individual homes.

The Staircase is an important component of a building which helps in commuting between floors and roof. Improperly designed staircases can cause falls which may lead to severe injuries or accidents if the necessary guidelines are not followed properly. A combination of deficiencies in design, lighting, maintenance and others are usually the culprits in stairway slips, trips and falls.

Let us first understand some of its basic parts. Staircase typically consists of:

  1. Landing Platform
  2. Handrail or Stair Rail System
  3. Steps (Riser & tread) – A step is composed of tread and riser. Tread is the horizontal top surface to press beneath the feet. The riser is the vertical portion between each tread on the stair

To prevent falls or accidents due to staircase, below are some informative tips for safer stairway design, maintenance and use etc:

1. Optimise Riser and Tread Design

Trips and falls that occur during stairway ascent are often attributed to variation in the riser, tread. Stair riser heights should be 7 inches maximum and 4 inches minimum & tread depth to be minimum 10 mm. To know more, click here1.

Ideally, all tread and riser dimensions should be uniform throughout the entire stairway. When we use stairs, we tend to follow the same steps again and again until we reach on a plain surface. So, make sure that there are no uneven steps in your staircase and all steps areof the same size.

2. Do not neglect Stair rails or handrails

Stair rails and handrails are needed for very different purposes. Stair rails protect pedestrians from falling off the edge of the stairs or landings while handrails help pedestrians keep their balance and provide leverage when ascending or descending stairs. They greatly reduce the chance of a fall, they are strongly recommended, regardless of the number of steps.

You need to install stainless steel handrails that are slip-resistant because they can provide you utmost support and they need less maintenance cost. And, if you already have handrails, check its functionality.

3. Eliminate Tripping Hazards

Firstly, these can happen due to distinct level difference at the transition area between the entrance of staircase and other associated area at office or individual home or lobby at the residential complex. Secondly, we tend to keep a lot of items around stairways that are major tripping hazards. Here are a few to be mindful of:

  • If electrical cords are left open, use some tape to pin electrical cords along the baseboards, so that it is out of the way.
  • Furniture near or on the landings should be rearranged to keep pathways free.
  • Do not store anything on the stairs, even temporarily. While there is plenty of decors that can add to the aesthetic of your stairs, but remember it all increases the risk of falls.

4. Prefer Anti-slip Surface

This is one of the most important factors that can prevent accidents. The staircase should be made with slip-resistant materials, otherwise, can be dangerous especially for children and elders. You can reduce the risk of the slip by using anti-slip materials in the stair treads and landing surfaces.

People often use anti-slip materials on the leading edge of the treads to prevent slip-related incidents. Slip-resistant or anti-skid paints2 are also available and you can use them on your staircase.

5. Ensure better Visibility

Staircase should be illuminated by enough lighting so that users can watch each and every step precisely. If you have children and elders in your family, you should not compromise with your lighting system, because better visibility will ensure safety for your dearest ones. Low light can be an issue for the elders and it can prevent them from noticing steps clearly.

6. Maintenance and Use

Many stairway accidents occur due to poor maintenance, non-attention and use. Keep stair treads clean and in good condition. There can be rusted handrails, loose fasteners resulting in the further deterioration with time. If left unattended can lead to accidents or injuries.

Apart from these, there isa last tip which can only be followed by individual homes i.e Install Safety Gates for Babies & Young Kids – If you have little ones roaming around, place child safety gates at the top and bottom of your staircase, so that they cannot access it by themselves.

Conclusion

The fact is, most falls can be prevented; and that prevention starts by acknowledging that there are always risks when using the stairs.By implementing simple strategies, keeping your stairs in good shape, and staying focused, you can help put an end to falls and serious injuries in homes and offices3. Also, read how to use stairs safely4.

We hope this content is helpful in creating awareness about safety of your staircase. If you still want to take professional advice for checking its safety and other problems, you can click here.

Understand the problems due to incorrect slope in wet areas of your home

Whenever you need to drain the water off your floors, whether it is your bathroom floor or any other wet area of your home,the proper slope at flooring helps to run the water off efficiently. Incorrect floor slope can cause water to run in the wrong direction, instead of gently sloping towards the drain.

Now a question would arise in your mind – ‘What is Slope?

The Slope of a surface means the surface of which one end or side is at a higher level than another, a rising or falling surface.

When you install tile in wet areas, do you ensure that everything slopes to the drain? If not, let us understand its importance through this content.

Firstly, let us know the areas of home/ office where slope plays a significant role.

Slope requirement in your home or office

There are floor surfaces in an apartment or home that require slope. Each surface given below needs a different slope:

  • Bathrooms
  • Balconies
  • Kitchen
  • Terrace
  • Drains & Plumbing lines

Apart from floor surfaces, window sill and chajja also have a slope requirement. But we would be focusing on the slope at flooring. Slope requirement also depends on two factors, click here1 to know more.

Generally, there can be two cases of incorrect slope i.e slope in improper direction and inadequate or insufficient slope.

Let us discuss what problems can occur due to inadequate slope or slope in improper direction at flooring.

Problems due to inadequate/improper Slope

Due to incorrect slope, floor water will not drain easily through floor drain outlet and will lead to formation of water pocket or accumulation at a corner.

If it is not rectified in time, it can lead to following problems or issues:

  • Damp / seepage related issues in the adjacent wall or floor surface
  • Fungus issue on floor surfaces
  • Strength of Flooring & wall surface will get decreased
  • Unhealthy living conditions in the house
  • Safety hazard

Solution for this issue: We recommend review and if required, floor tiles to be relaid maintaining proper slope towards floor drain outlet and adequate strengthening with requisite type of sealant at floor and wall tile junction.

Ensuring that a proper slope is provided around the drain for water to flow out easily is very important. Good drainage in wet areas like shower area in the bathroom is a key to preventing problems related to damp/moisture, so read content related to recommended slope2 for it by Home guides.

You can also read content on How to slope a floor for drain3.

Lastly, we would like to conclude, Flooring with proper slope is ideal for bathroom floors, balconies terraces etc; floors on which water flows on frequently. You don’t need it much for areas like your living room, drawing room, or any other room that stays dry. The main objective of sloping is to protect the property from damage that is associated with incorrect slope.

We hope this content will be useful in creating awareness about the problems that may arise due to incorrect slope at flooring in wet area.

How to care for your homes in this monsoon

It is almost the middle of the year and after the exhausting summer, it is time when fresh splatter of rain will touch and drench Mother Earth. Nature will bloom again with freshness and greenery. Amid all gloom, there will be some fragrance of hope again. But as we know, advantages come with a lot of unwelcome disadvantages; similarly, the soothing season of monsoon comes with some real problems.

The picture of monsoon is generally associated with black clouds, roads flooded with water, thunder and strong winds. But have you ever wondered what damage it can do to your home? We all spend a lot of money turning the bricks and pillars into our dream home. Rain may cause problems like seepage and dampness in it. The risk increases if the building is an old one. So, what can we do to avoid this? Here’s a list of measures which will ensure that your home keeps smiling even in the strong monsoons.

Prevention is better than cure. Doing something after an incident happens is not what the wise men & women do. It is always better to adopt some preventive measures before the monsoon arrives and damages your house or any other property e.g., office. It is advisable that you check your entire house before the arrival of the monsoon, but even if you are late do not skip. Go ahead and check the house for any issues that may turn problematic, when it is still drizzling and pouring less frequently. Pay special attention to the external walls. Take care of the terrace and the roof. Check if the waterproofing1 is in good condition. Inspect the outlets and the drains. If you find any damage or blockage, repair and clean it in earnest.

Here are seepage-prone areas of a house that can get worse during the monsoon. Check the condition of these areas in your home too and brace up for the long rainy season.

Choosing paint of your house

Choosing a waterproof paint for both the interior and exterior of your house is really important. Primer/sealer should be used along with the paint for better protection. Sealers don’t allow external moisture to enter the walls and enable them to stay strong for a longer period. Here’s2 how a sealer helps to protect your walls.

It is also important to choose a paint that is durable enough and can withstand water for years. Some paints have the tendency to get washed off. So, opt for water-resistant paint3 varieties. If your house has not been painted for years, get it painted once with waterproof, good paint before the monsoon. These days, special exterior waterproof sealants4 are also available. But you don’t always need them unless there is a requirement for some extra caulking.

Checking the Drainage

Ancient civilizations paid special attention to the drainage system of their houses. A good drainage system does not allow excess water to accumulate in the house. Any blockage in the drainage system of your house should be ideally checked at the start of the monsoon, otherwise, it will invariably lead to seepage and damp. You cannot afford that to happen to your house and increase the health risk for your family. Check for any leakage in the pipes and water outlets. Take the help of professionals if needed because not all fractures and leaks will be visible to the naked eyes.

Look out for cracks in the wall

Cracks in the walls of your house may appear due to many reasons. While some are superficial and only paint-deep, most cracks tend to make the walls weak from within by causing seepage. Also, ensure that your ceiling is in good condition and it has no cracks. Rainwater often seeps through these cracks. Do you remember noticing a watery patch up there during last year’s monsoon? Then, better check the place closely once again because a temporary dry surface does not mean that everything is alright with the ceiling.

Choice of Doors and Windows

Try to avoid wooden doors or windows as they have a tendency to swell up during the monsoons due to increased moisture in the atmosphere. If you are having metal door, grease it properly with oil and lubricants used and specially designed for door hinges. Metal (read iron) frames rust easily in moisture. So, opt for stainless steel or aluminium frames. Also, repair the small things like gaps between the door/window panes and the frame, gap around the exterior door and window frames, knobs, etc in order to prevent moisture intrusion in your home.

Ventilation of your house

A home should not be congested. It should have proper ventilation to ensure fresh air to enter the household and allow the entry of sunlight. A suffocating home leads to several diseases. If you don’t have proper ventilation in each room of your house, ensure that now. Whenever the humidity in air increases during the rainy season, your home accumulates moisture too. A humid environment is best for the growth of disease spreading germs and bacteria. The poisonous fungus also grows in a humid climate. Therefore it is necessary to properly ventilate one’s house.

Interior is not just about decoration

We all love to decorate our interiors. In fact, we invest handsome amounts to make our interior attractive. During the rainy season, try to avoid heavy curtains to protect your interiors. The heavy curtain doesn’t allow sunlight to enter the house and as a result, your home may become excessively humid. A sudden increase in humidity causes damage to wooden furniture and walls. Ensure your home interiors stay safe. Allow sunlight to get into the house in every possible way.

Checking the Electrical Connections

Check throughout the house for any disturbance in the electrical connection. Any damage in the wire and connections may lead to accidents. Make sure your house is shock-free to avoid such accidents.

Every house, old or new, can have damp areas that can get worse during heavy rains. Are you sure your home doesn’t have one such place?

Home is not just interior but exterior too

Many of us love gardening. Planting small plants and trees around the house enhances the beauty of your house. All plants don’t have the same water requirements. Most of the plants wither because their roots die in excessive water. Keep these plants under a shade during the monsoon season.

The pathways outside your house may get unwelcome guests. Algae and mosses grow on pathways and make it slippery. Clean the pathways with chlorine or any acid solution to avoid accidents. Also, do a chlorine treatment of swimming pools as dirty rainwater enters the pool during monsoon.

Protecting your clothes

Always wear properly washed and dried clothes in monsoon season. If you are using a wooden wardrobe, place some naphthalene balls or neem leaves between your clothes to avoid the growth of germs, odour and moisture. What else? Don’t dry your washed clothes inside the house. Also, see to it that they don’t absorb rainwater. How do you do that! Semi-dry your clothes in the dryer of your washing machine and hang them outside when the sun is out. Sounds too much of an extra bit of work? Well, monsoon calls for some extra care and you better give it to your home and wardrobe.

A sustainable tip before the final wrap-up

Monsoon has already hit the cities. One of the best ways to avoid water logging in the terrace of your house is by rainwater harvesting. Rainwater harvest is basically storing the rainwater for reuse. You can use it for several purposes like watering your plant. One of the best and easiest ways to practise rainwater harvesting at home is by keeping a huge drum on the terrace to store the water. But ensure the drum doesn’t turn into a curse! Mosquitoes breed in uncovered, stagnant water. So, cover the drum with a good lid and keep a small opening to let the rain enter the drum.

Another healthy tip for monsoon season is to try to avoid big and heavy carpets for the floor as they attract moisture.

As the American author of fantasy and science fiction, Beth Revis writes, “Rainy days should be spent at home with a cup of tea and a good book.” To enjoy this bliss, you must take good care of your beloved home, in the first place, to make it strong enough to withstand the wrath of a storm or heavy downpour. We have already shared a detailed checklist for monsoon but our objective of this content was to tell you the ways to take care of your home in this season. Cracks and leakage, invisible seepage and damp can do more harm to this peaceful nest of yours than you can ever imagine. You think of ignoring a small crack in the wall or terrace and decide to repair it after the monsoon is over and it becomes unthinkably problematic in a fortnight.

We hope this content will keep your home healthy and happy and you too. Happy Monsoon!

Tips to maintain balcony Railing of your home

Good quality & Safety are the most desired attributes for our homes. When we are standing on the edge of a balcony many of us often overlook the importance of railings.

Although many of us use railings everyday, we do not often stop to consider the significance of it for safety. We like to lean on them, but we often take for granted the fact that our railings are strong.

It is easy to assume that your railings are in good shape until proven wrong, but just like any building material, they can also fail. So today, we are here to share with you its advantages & importance and some tips to maintain them.

Advantages of balcony railings

Using durable balcony railings are crucial for ensuring all-around home safety. Some advantages of railings are as follows:

  • For Balance: When a person loses balance on a platform, they usually cling to the railing. It provide stability – which is important for children and the elders.
  • Prevention: To protect curious children and pets, railings provide a needed barrier which prevents from accidents.
  • Comfort: During wind movement, high platforms can be dangerous. Railings provide enhanced support and allow others to feel more comfortable walking in balconies.

Apart from this, in reference to affordability, balcony railings are considered to be an affordable option in comparison to costly liabilities that occur without them. In this way, these are important.

Some tips to maintain railings in your homes

After understanding about railing, maintaining the railings in your house takes a priority. Mostly mild steel railing is used in home. Some tips for maintaining them are below:

1. Check and repair rusted railing

Rust is not only a visual problem. It is said that rust is like the disease of cancer in the world of metals. It deteriorates the metallic material from inside. When iron comes in contact with air and moisture, it produces iron oxide which is known as rust.

Deposition of rust on railing corrodes the railing further and ultimately causes damages to it. So, the removal of rust or repairing a rusted railing is essential to protect the railing.

Remember, no painting protection will survive long if you do not remove rust from the original metallic surface. Hence cleaning is vital for repairing rusted railings. So for rusted railing, clean and sand off rust from affected surface and apply red oxide primer1 over it along with oil paint.

2. Ensure tightness and repair loose fasteners

After removal of rust on a railing, you should check all joint of railing using screws and bolts. If there is any loose joint, immediately tighten the fasteners with the help of a screw driver. Replace the bolts or screws if they are not sufficient to ensure the tightness of the joint of the railing. If the existing screws are not enough to tighten the joint, you should select a larger screw or a wall anchor to ensure the tight fittings of the joint.

3. Repair paint deterioration

If there is any paint deterioration, clean and repaint the affected part to avoid any type of other defects like rust too. If you feel that if there is requirement of reapplying of primer, then it can be done before applying the paint.

4. Look at the bottom portion of railing

Observe the condition of bottom portion of railing and sill. If there is some damage or cracks, repair them as soon as possible to avoid any future problems.

5. Check the gap between wall and railing

If space between wall and railing exceed more than 4 inches, then it will create unsafe condition for kids. Read: Make your home safe for kids.

Conclusion

Beware of poor quality balcony railings2 at your home or apartments. If railings are not maintained properly, they can cause safety hazard. Our objective was to make you aware about the role of railings in your home and tips to maintain them. It is important to take care of railings as soon as possible the trouble is detected.

Every new home is not necessarily perfect

A good percentage of people express their interest in buying new homes instead of old ones or even building one themselves. Newly built or pre-construction homes are the house of choice for many homebuyers.

There are many reasons for that too – the luxury of “new house smell” and the look & the feel is definitely among them. There is nothing wrong in it, of course! “We just bought a new home! Why should we be bothering about any problems? Everything is new and must be perfect!” – This may be wrong. Surprised?

There are several reasons why we may suggest you that don’t get carried away by the beautiful look, fit and finish of a new house. There might be issues that went unnoticed and only a thorough examination of the premises can help you.

Listen to Mr. Ashish Kaushik who made the right decision and got his newly bought home inspected. Witness how inspection (health & safety check up of home) happened & things revealed along with his views.

Secrets you are not aware of

Every house has 7 basic elements – walls, ceiling, floor, doors, window, plumbing and electrical. There are always some defects related to these elements which gets overlooked during the process of construction or finishing.

There can be many hidden hazards or issues that are concealed or unnoticeable. To learn how to protect your home from masked hazards, click here.

Some defects in new homes

Everything looks perfect when new, and a home is no exception. When we are moving into a new home, we get excited about its newness and planning to make it more beautiful but we neglect to check the health of the home. As our body needs health check-up to run well, the same way, our home needs a healthy & safety check-up too.

You can also learn about Key findings or defects based on several inspections of new apartment or home element-wise. Along with this you can understand how home inspection can be a saviour in this condition.

After defects, let us discuss some mistakes.

Check out some mistakes in the elements of home

Proper plumbing system is a basic need of all Indian households. Perhaps, it is the first thing we see while moving into an apartment or house. Nobody wants to enter a home to encounter leakage, seepage, damps, and other problems related to moisture. But there are some basic plumbing mistakes that are common and ignored by us every time. They are so common that most of the families in India suffer through it. Click here to know about these mistakes.

Apart from this, there can be mistakes done in layout of electrical like position of socket board or electrical wiring not properly done can lead to safety hazard.

Similarly, there could be issues in other elements as well (door/ window/ ceiling/ floor/ walls, etc).

Conclusion

Buying new doesn’t always mean buying perfect1. Our objective was to make you aware that it is not necessary that if your home is new, it is perfectly fine and have no problems. It is not always same as it looks from outside.

Lastly you can also check out 7 things you must do during the first week.

Marble Flooring: Advantages and Disadvantages

Generally, flooring is the term for a permanent covering of a floor. Floor covering means any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface. Various flooring materials are available in the market. Marble flooring is one of the common kinds of flooring materials.

Marble is a metamorphic stone, formed under intense heat and pressure that ultimately transforms the rock composition. For flooring purposes, it is mostly used in the living rooms, bedrooms and bathrooms. Suitable for almost any space of your house that you wish must be eye-pleasing and well-maintained. Marbles are an elegant preference to go for and score high on aesthetics.

Marble flooring is being used for centuries for residential houses. There are advantages and disadvantages of marble flooring, which a homeowner should know before either installing or renovating the flooring. So we thought to share with you advantages and disadvantages of marble flooring in brief.

Advantages of Marble Flooring

  • Marble is available in broad range of colours, patterns and designs, thus you can select from a variety of designs. No other material looks as elegant and beautiful as marble.
  • It has a smooth finish and when polished, it gives a luminous shine.
  • For hot climates, marble flooring is favourable as one feels relatively cold underfoot.
  • It is eco-friendly material as no chemical process is involved in its manufacturing. Also, it is degradable at the end of its life.
  • Marble flooring is extremely durable and long lasting, it can withstand any external pressure, and any sudden change of weight can easily be handled by it. Thus it is suitable for high traffic areas such as restaurants, hotels, etc.
  • It is very easy to clean marble flooring.
  • It provides a good indoor air quality as it does not catch allergens. It is non-porous and can repel the particles that make you sneeze. To know more, click here1.

Disadvantages of Marble Flooring

  • It is expensive as compared to other flooring materials.
  • Marble is a natural material which reacts easily with an acid. Their interaction results in stains on its surface.
  • Marble flooring gets quite cold in winter season. Hence, it is not suitable for cold weather regions, as you cannot walk barefoot on it.
  • Marble flooring requires proper care and maintenance. Marble flooring should be polished periodically. If you want to read Do’s and Don’ts for maintaining marble flooring, then click here2.
  • It is difficult to change/ replace marble flooring once installed, as the stone of same colour and design is hard to find after few years.
  • If not cared for with diligence, the marble surface may get scratches, leading to its deterioration.

Conclusion

Marble flooring gives classic and timeless look to your home, but comes at high cost. Hence, it is important for you to consider the both advantages and disadvantages, before buying it.

7 To-Do Things You Must Do Before Renovating or Remodelling Your House

You may have settled for a home that does not address all your needs and desires. In this case, you can opt for remodelling to fix the areas you are not comfortable with.

Every home has a life-cycle and requires renovation in a span of every 5 to 6 years. Renovation, though a cumbersome process for the family living in, can add more years to the life of your residential property.

Renovating or remodelling your house is an adventure, one that can easily go off the rails. There are a mind-boggling number of wrong turns homeowners can take.

Here are 7 things you should do before embarking on any major home improvement project to avoid a whole bunch of headaches and regrets:

1. Research on the Tasks and Familiarize

It is advisable to research on all the activities that are being planned in the project. This is applicable even if when you have hired professionals to complete the various tasks. Knowing them is not enough. You will have to get familiar with them. Nowadays, many DIY videos are available on the Internet today. They can walk you through the process of remodelling or renovating the rooms in the house as per search.

2. Select an Alternative Room

If it is a bedroom remodelling or renovation is affecting the bedroom, you will have to choose another room to sleep in. The same goes for kitchens, bathrooms, and living rooms. When you wish to renovate the entire house, you can ask the contractors to deal with one room at a time.

Work will proceed much faster when you are not causing a lot of disruption. Apart from this, it is not safe to stay in a room that is under renovation.

3. Proper Ventilation

Some paints produce harmful fumes. If they are being used, ensure that there is adequate ventilation. The workers or occupants can face problem if the harmful fumes find their way into the body systems. Hence, it is important to have proper ventilation.

Additional tip: We would suggest better to use environmentally friendly paints1.

4. Pack Up

To make any house remodel as simple as possible, de-clutter, pack up or move any items in the renovation zone. Keep all your belongings secure and clean during the process.

5. Protect Kids and Pets

Children and Pets are curious creatures. They will often intrude to those places, you have given them a warning not to venture. What you can do is to ensure that they are always at a safe distance from the workspace. Take actions that will ensure that they do not go to these place.

You can as well hire a sitter for them. He or she should be a responsible adult. Additionally, instruct the workers not to allow any children or pet in the site.

There should be a first-aid box with all the supplies which might are essential in case of an accident. Apart from this, you should read on some safety tips for child during renovation2.

6. Assign more Funds than the budgeted amount

There is always the possibility of overspending. Besides this, additional expenses might come up. You will have to resort to borrowing in order to cater for any extra expenses as no extra funds were set aside. The extra money to be set aside does not have to be much, make it ten to twenty percent of the final sum in the budget.

7. Evaluate Existing Conditions

Before starting renovation or remodelling, it would be better to evaluate or understand the existing conditions. As without knowing it, making changes can create problem and will add an extra cost if any mistakes happen. In this case it is always better to opt for home inspection which will give report of current condition of all basic elements. This could be helpful for planning renovation or remodelling work. To Know about reasons why Home Inspection should be done before Renovation, click here.

Conclusion

Our Objective was to make you aware about things which need to be done before renovating or remodelling your home. We wanted to save your money3, time and keep you hassle-free. As this involves a big expenditure and time too, hence it is important to consider these things.

Types of Primer for your home

Primer as the name itself suggests, is the primary layer that readies the surface to receive paint. It is nothing but paint without pigment. Primers will, even though relatively expensive, save you a lot of money in the long run. To know more about it, click here.

Primer gives your finished paint job a smoother finish much more than if you did not use a primer at all because paint grips better and it will last much longer.

There are various types of primer available in the market. When you use a primer for different surfaces, you should understand which types of primer are available and what they are intended for. Each types of primer paint consists various properties.

Types of Primer

1. Oil Based Primer

Oil based primer is mainly used for wood work, i.e. new wood, painted wood, dry wood, etc. It can be used on metal surfaces as well. It is suitable for both interior and exterior application.

The drawback of oil based primer is that they are often slow drying, generally 24 hours or more. It releases high amounts of volatile organic compounds (VOC), which can be harmful to people if in high concentrations and for prolonged exposure.

Oil primers are known for their smooth finish, ability to penetrate the wood grain by filling pores without raising the grain. This means that little or no sanding is required to achieve a smooth surface.

Oil-based primers are good to use for new and unfinished wood and wood prone to weathering, to provide an extra wear-layer.

2. Water Based Primer

Water based primer is usually used for walls and ceilings where there is new work and preparation is required. These are made to apply on multiple surfaces and are growing in preference because of their low odour, low-VOC formulations that make them environmentally friendly, while still providing a flexible and crack-resistant finish.

They also allow water vapour to pass through, and make the surface less prone to peeling. Use water-based primers on concrete, brick, new softwoods, unfinished drywall etc.

Some products of Berger Paints which are water thinnable and can be used as interior primer like BP Cement Primer (WT)1 and BP White Primer (WT)2. White primer are better than cement primer in terms of longevity.

Apart from the above common types, there is one more category of Solvent based primer and thinnable like BP Cement Primer (ST)3 and BP White Primer (ST)4.

You can also prepare your wall for the perfect paint job with range of interior primers by asian paint products5.

And if you want to know about exterior primer products, then click here6.

Conclusion

Choose the right primer according to the different type of surfaces, i.e. masonry, metal, wood, etc. It will increase the durability and quality of your painting. With the right type of primer for paint, your house paint can last ten years or even longer.

De-Cluttering your home enhances Happy & Healthy Living

1. Reduces Stress and Anxiety
2. Improves Your Sleep
3. Increases Productivity and Creativity
4. Makes more Space
5. Easier to Clean
6. Improves Indoor Air Quality

Cluttering – the word is not uncommon. Every one of us is familiar with it. As busy as the world is getting, there are more and more reasons to clutter.

A cluttered space has the potential to cause stress, impact productivity & generally make household tasks much more difficult and create more problems.

Here are just some of the benefits of decluttering your home:

1. Reduces Stress and Anxiety

Clutter causes stress. The more stuff you have around, the more your brain signals that you have a lot of work on the list, even though you do not. When your home is cluttered, your mind can become cluttered too. There is nothing to mention that the stress is caused by being unable to locate something amongst the piles and piles of things you own. Start small by decluttering just one room – say, the living room, for example – and see just how much calmer you feel when you spend time in there in your newly decluttered space.

2. Improves Your Sleep

Just because you have got your eyes closed does not mean that you are blind to all the clutter surrounding you. All those clothes on the floor, the make-up products scattered all over the dressing table, seeing these things right before you go to bed is not conducive to a good night’s sleep.

Your brain will be mentally processing all the external stimuli of the clutter, making it difficult to settle your mind & effect your sleep. Clear out your bedroom and see the difference without the clutter around you.

3. Increases Productivity and Creativity

A lot of people find it difficult to concentrate when surrounded by clutter, such as trying to work at a messy, disorganised desk. Excess things surrounding you can have a negative impact on your ability to focus. All the things around you will be competing for your attention, decreasing your productivity and increasing stress levels.

Without all clutter, you should find your concentration levels increase and increase in productivity.

4. Makes more space

Well, obviously. Once you get rid of all the extra stuff or items, you have space for more. Whether it is jewellery, clothes, shoes, perfumes or others. This will create more space which can be utilised for other things.

5. Easier to Clean

The fewer things you have, the easier it will be to navigate the home and clean. Decluttering is mostly about removing what you do not need and also a great chance to organise, clean your home – and leave it looking incredible.

6. Improves Indoor Air Quality

Home allergens are impossible to fully eliminate. However, homes that are overrun by clutter become a haven for allergens to flourish. Clutter also makes it much harder to clean your home, which gives allergens a more welcoming environment.

The longer an area of your home is uncleaned, the more allergens will accumulate. Hence Clutter can also negatively impact the quality of your indoor air1. You can also improve indoor air quality by reducing clutter because the airflow in your home will be much better. Getting rid of excess clutter should help to improve the airflow in your home, which will be welcomed by all of us.

Apart from these, the more you dump items at a confined place, the more it will be inhabited by pests like cockroaches, spiders, lizards, etc and this can create further problems.

If you want some Decluttering Tips for your Home, click here2.

The central idea of decluttering is to put everything in an organised way. Trust us – you will be amazed at how many things you throw out when you set to clear the clutter. It is not only that this helps to organize the things properly, but you also improve the air quality in your rooms. To maintain healthy indoor air, you need to ensure that air circulates freely throughout the rooms. This is only easier when you have reduced clutters. So, do not delay any more and get on with the clearing. Remember, less clutter you have, higher chances there is for you to caste a long-lasting impression on whoever visits your home. Clear the clutter today to make way for happy living.