Tile defects in your home and its Causes

Flooring is the heart of your home. Furniture and fittings in your homes are easier to change, but the flooring is something that is permanent floor and cannot be changed at ease.

Changing the flooring is an extensive job. Also, it may turn costly in terms of expense as well as hassle.

The tiles are very popular building material for floors (as well as for wall) because it has more durability and aesthetic look. However, with wear and tear and due to the lack of proper care, different types of tile defects may appear on tile surface.

Tile defects occur because of improper installation techniques or materials are unsuitable for tile surface. Tile defects also arise due to reasons like uneven floor, improper cleaning, uneven grout joints, poor adhesion, poor quality adhesive, etc. These defects give a bad look to your house.

Floor tiles offer resistance to wear and tear due to human movement and movement of furniture, etc. They are also water resistant and thus provide protection against spillage.

So we thought to make you aware about various tile defects along with its causes:

1. Buckled tiles

When your floor tiles lift from their originally installed position and start pushing other tiles against one another, it creates a ‘tent-like’ bump in your floor. This is known as buckled tiles1. This defect is also known as pop up tiles. This can further create damage to subfloor if not addressed on time.

Buckled tiles defect might appear in all types of tiles, i.e. ceramic tiles, vitrified tiles, etc if proper care is not taken while laying the same.


Buckled tiles defect is mainly caused due to uneven subfloor, moisture absorption by tiles, improper cleaning, poor quality adhesive etc.

Sometimes, a perfectly tiled floor may also buckle up in different seasons due to temperature variations, improper installation of tiles and various other factors.

2. Cracked tiles

When the adhesive under the tile does not cover the entire surface, there will be void under some portion of tiles. When pressure is applied to those tiles, it may get cracked.


Cracked tiles defect is mainly caused due to the heavy object such as pot, cans, etc. dropped on the tiles, using poor quality tiles, improper subfloor, cutting and poor handling, etc.

3. Rust stains on tiles

When metal comes in contact with water on the tiled surface, it will eventually deposit iron particles on the tile, causing rust stain on tiles. Rusting is one of the major problems that you face in your kitchen or wet areas on the tile surface.

Rust can weaken the tile, causing holes in the tile. This can create further deterioration at subfloor.


Rust stains on tiles mainly occur due to the leakage at toilets, showers and sinks etc. One of the main causes of rust stains on tiles is gas cylinder. It creates a thick rust formation on the floor which is difficult, almost impossible to remove.

4. Faded tiles

Tiles losing their gloss due to the exposure to sunlight or using unnecessarily strong chemical are known as faded tiles. Faded tiles are most commonly observed in shower areas of homes.


Tiles basically fade due to constant ultraviolet radiation of the sun. Tiles fade because of the overuse of acidic cleaners in shower areas. Sometimes, due to the improper grouting during tile installation, soaps and body fats are accumulated in one corner. This makes tiles fade. Also, when tile cleaning is not properly done, tiles fade, due to the deposit of dust particles.

5. Variation in shade of tiles

The shades of tile is the combination of visual feature of the tile surface, including its colour and the distribution pattern of colour or decoration over the tile surface. The colour, shade and pattern in entire tile batch vary to some degree from tile to tile.

Tiles shades may vary during the production of tiles. It is the variation of shade or depth of colour among the different batches of tiles.


Tile shade variation is caused due to the water absorption, variation in firing or concentration of input chemicals during manufacturing etc. Therefore, basically, it is a manufacturing defect.

6. Chipped tiles

When a heavy object accidentally drops on the tile surface, it will cause the defect of chipped tiles.


Chipped tiles2 defect may also be caused due to the dragging of heavy furniture, hard object dropped on the tiles surface, etc.


Our objective was to make your aware of these tile defects, so that you can protect your flooring and also save money too.

If you are facing some defects in your tiles or other problems in flooring, you can call home inspection professionals to check your flooring. They will inspect and suggest you proper solution recommendation as per the problems.